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Growth rates in India have decreased significantly over the past few decades due to urbanization, increased education levels, particularly among women, and poverty alleviation.
India’s population growth has slowed remarkably in recent years, but it still continues to grow faster than China. By 2026, both countries will have about 1.46 billion people. According to projections, India will become the world’s most populous nation by 2030.
Approximately 1.65 billion people are expected to live in India by 2060, after which the population will begin to decline. In India, the number of children peaked over a decade ago and is now declining.
Population growth in India
China’s census the previous year was the largest census ever conducted in the world. A two-phased process was followed. Buildings were counted in the first phase of the project in April 2010, and data about Indians was collected in the second phase.
Indians employed in millions for the census, which was a massive exercise. It cost $439 million to conduct the census, which was considerably cheaper per person than most other global censuses. Censuses in the United States often cost more than $4 per person, while censuses in India cost only $0.50.
This was the fifteenth nationwide census to be conducted in India. British-held Indian territory did not covered by the first poll in 1881.
The population of India is projected to grow
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Population growth in India continues to be fairly steady over the years. Especially noteworthy is the fact that the population is growing faster than China’s. India is expected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country around 2024, but like China, the growth is expected to stagnate and eventually decrease in the latter half of the 21st century.
Density and area of the Indian population
A total of 181.5 million people were added to the Indian population between the 2001 and 2011 censuses, making it one of the world’s top six countries. In just 40 years, the country has doubled in size and is expected to overtake China as the world’s most populous nation. There is a 0.91% growth rate in India’s economy currently.
The population density in Mumbai is 21,000 people per square kilometer (54,000 per square mile).
Indian cities by population size
Delhi, with a population over 11 million, is India’s second most populous city, behind Mumbai with 12.5 million residents. Overall, there are more than 50 urban areas in India with a population of more than one million people.
The official population of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) in 2011 was 12,478,447, but its greater metropolitan area contains 18,414,288 people. Despite a dramatic slowdown in growth in the last decade, it has grown more than double in size over the last forty years. During the 1971 census, its population was recorded as 5.9 million.
Approximately 11,034,555 people live in Delhi, the second most populous city in India, and its metro area has a population of 21,753,486. As Delhi’s growth accelerates, it is likely that it will overtake Mumbai within a decade to become India’s largest city. As the city has grown, it has struggled to keep up. Four times more people live in poverty in this city than anywhere else in the country. Almost half of its residents live in slums. In the enclave city of New Delhi, which is the official capital of India, Delhi is contained. In terms of population, it has 249,998 residents.
Bangalore (pop: 8.43 million), Hyderabad (pop: 6.81 million), and Ahmedabad (pop: 5.57 million) are also major Indian cities. In India, there are 53 cities with at least one million people.
In addition to being bordered by the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, and the Indian Ocean, India is also bordered by Pakistan, Bhutan, China, Nepal, Myanmar, and Bangladesh. A country of more than 1.3 billion people, India ranks 7th in terms of area.
A Demographic Profile of India
Indian census data do not include ethnicity information, although the CIA World Factbook reports that 72% of Indians are Indo-Aryans, 25% Dravidians, and 3% Mongolians.
Approximately 80% of Indians follow Hinduism as their primary religion. A third of the population adheres to Islam, which makes up 13% of the population. The following religions are also significant in India: Christianity (2.3%), Sikhs (1.9%), Buddhism (0.8%) and Jains (0.4%). No religion is officially recorded by the census under ‘other.’ The number of Indians selecting ‘No Religion’ in 2011 was 0.9%.
Although Indians are moving more into urban areas, 67% of them still live in rural areas. According to the 2011 Census of India, 74% of the population was literate: 82% of men and 65% of women. Literacy rates vary greatly from state to state. In Bihar, 63.82% of the population is illiterate.
Politics, Economy, and Religion in India
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There are a number of languages spoken throughout India by the population. The Indian Government has official languages in English, Hindi, and Tamil in addition to many other languages and dialects. A further 44% of the population speaks Hindi as their first language.
The current ranking of India’s quality of life is 49 out of 66, giving it a quality of life index of 121.61. The health care ratio is 68.04, and the cost of living index is 23.81.
India Population History
Lord Ripon, the British Viceroy of India at the time, conducted the first comprehensive nationwide census in 1881, which counted 288 million people. Every ten years, India conducts a census.